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高考英语:必考基础知识-形容词的比力级和最高级知识点汇总

本文摘要:泉源:中学英语学习 变化规则大多数形容词和副词有比力级和最高级的变化,即原级、比力级和最高级,用来表现事物的品级差异。原级即形容词的原形,比力级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化两种。 (1)单音节词加词尾-er,-est来组成比力级和最高级。

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泉源:中学英语学习 变化规则大多数形容词和副词有比力级和最高级的变化,即原级、比力级和最高级,用来表现事物的品级差异。原级即形容词的原形,比力级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化两种。

(1)单音节词加词尾-er,-est来组成比力级和最高级。tall(高的) taller tallestgreat(庞大的) greater greatest (2)以不发音的e末端的单音节词只加-r,-stnice(好的) nicer nicestlarge(大的) larger largestable(有能力的) abler ablest(3)以一个辅音字母末端的闭音节单音节词,双写末端的辅音字母,再加-er,-estbig(大的) bigger biggesthot热的) hotter hottestred红色的 redder reddest(4)"以辅音字母+y"末端的双音节词,改y为i,再加-er,-esteasy(容易的) easier easiestbusy(忙的) busier busiest(5)以ly末端的副词,除early-earlier-earliest,其他都是加more most.Slowly-more slowly-most slowlyBravely-more bravely-most bravelyquickly-more quickly-most quickly(6)少数以-er,-ow末端的双音节词未尾加-er,-estclever(智慧的) cleverer cleverestnarrow(窄的) narrower narrowest(7)其他双音节词和多音节词在前面加more,most来组成比力级和最高级。如:important(重要的) more important most importanteasily(容易地) more easily most easily (8)一些词的比力级和最高级,可以加-er或 -est,也可以加more或most如:clever, polite等。(9) 不规则变化有一些词的比力级、最高级变化是不规则的,需要特殊影象。

如:good / well→better→bestbad / ill/badly→worse→worstmany / much→more→mostlittle→less→leastfar→farther→farthest(表现距离) / far→further→furthest (表现水平)old→older / elder→oldest (表现新旧或年事) / eldest (表现兄弟姐妹之间的长幼关系)副词的比力级和最高级的组成规则和形容词比力级和最高级的组成规则一样,所差别的是:形容词最高级前面必须用the,而副词的最高级前面的the可带可不带。一些词自己没有比力级和最高级形式,如:right, wrong, full, empty, round, complete, wooden, dead, daily等。long-longer-longestyoung-younger-youngestold-older/elder-oldest/eldestshort-shorter-shortesthigh-higher-highestdeep-deeper-deepestsmall-smaller-smallestbig-bigger-biggesttall-taller-tallestloud-louder-loudestlow-lower-lowestthin-thinner-thinnestfat-fatter-fattestgreat-greater-greatestnice-nicer-nicesthappy-happier-happiestheavy-heavier-heaviestcheap-cheaper-cheapestnear-nearer-nearestclean-cleaner-cleanestfew-fewer-fewestlate-later-latestangry-angrier-angriestbusy-busier-busiestlazy-lazier-laziesthot-hotter-hottestglad-gladder-gladdestclear-clearer-cleareststrong-stronger-strongestlucky-luckier-luckiestinteresting-moreinteresting-most interestingdifficult-more difficult-most difficultexpensive-more expensive-most expensive形容词比力级的用法1. 两者比力时用形容词比力级,其结构为“... 比力级 + than ...”。如:Actions speak louder than words.2. 在两者之间选择“哪一个更……”时,用句型“Which / Who is +比力级, ... or ...?”。

如:Which sweater is cheaper, the red one or the yellow one?3. 表现“两者之间最……的一个”时,用“the + 比力级”。如:Lucy is the taller of the twins.4. 表现“越……,越……”时,用“the + 比力级,the + 比力级”。如:The more you eat, the fatter you will become.5. 表现“越来越……”时,用“比力级 + and + 比力级”,多音节词和部门双音节词用“more and more + 形容词原级”。如:We should make our country more and more beautiful.6. 形容词比力级前可以用下列词修饰:much, a little, far, a bit, a few, a lot, even, still, rather等。

如:It's much colder today than yesterday.形容词最高级的用法1. 三者或三者以上的人或物举行比力时,用形容词最高级形式。形容词最高级前通常需加定冠词the,句末常接in / of短语来表现规模。如:He is the strongest of all the boys.2. 表现“最……之一”时,用“one of + the + 最高级”。

如:The light bulb is one of the most helpful inventions.3. 形容词最高级前可以由物主代词、指示代词、名词所有格等修饰,此时不用定冠词the。如:Yesterday is her happiest day in her life修饰语1. 比力级的修饰语Much(……得多),far(……得多),even(甚至,更),still(更),a bit(有点),a little(有点),a lot(很), a great deal(大大地), twice(两倍), five times(五倍), two-fifths(五分之二), a half(一半)等修饰比力级表现水平,但决不行用very修饰。eg. Tom is a little taller than Mike. Tom比Mike稍高一点;It is even colder today than yesterday. 今天甚至比昨天更冷2.最高级的修饰语By far/ far and away 最,很 much ……得多 almost 险些 nearly 险些另外,second, third, next 等也要放在定冠词之后。

如:The Yellow River is the second longest in China. 黄河是中国的第二大河。This is the third largest building in this city. 这是这个都会里第三大的修建物。The Yellow River is the second longest river in China. 黄河是中国第二长河。

This is (by) far the best book that I've ever read. 这是我读过的最好的书。


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